Periodontic dentistry is concerned with treating gum disease and gum problems.
The term "periodontal disease" or "gum disease" refers gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is an inflammatory condition of the gingiva caused by factors such as smoking, certain drugs, hormonal changes from puberty and pregnancy or influenced by the individual's immune and inflammatory response. Periodontitis follows after gingivitis that involves the destruction of the supporting structure of the teeth. If left untreated, periodontitis can causes tooth loss, mouth odor or halitosis.
The range of gum treatments in periodontic dentistry include by our thailand periodontist:
- Deep clean and root plan
- Aesthetic gingivectomy
- Esthetic periodontal crown-lengthening surgery
- Gingival Graft or Gum Grafts
Periodontic Treatment Types
Deep clean and root plan involves is cleaning beneath the gumline in either quadrants or around the tooth area commonly used in treating gingivitis and periodontosis.
Aesthetic gingivectomy aims to contour the gumline in improving and giving symmetry to the front smile. Gingivectomy is normally done in treating gummy smiles whereby excessive gums are shaped.
Esthetic periodontal crown-lengthening surgery is usually performed to change the length or dimension of front teeth in optimizing the esthetic outcome of treatment with new crown or veneers restorations.
Gingival grafting or gum grafts is done in creating thick, tough gum tissue (called "attached gingiva") which aim to prevent further recession, and in certain cases cover existing recession. Gum grafts is normally done with the treatment of recession as their primary objective relative to aesthetic reasons.
Bonegrafts involves placing bone materials in treating deep pockets in gingiva or creating bone density during dental implant treatment.